Habraken wrote a book called ‘Supports’ which proposed a method of mass housing where the ‘support’ or base building is separated from. Supports: An Alternative to Mass Housing [N. J. Habraken] on * FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The architecture / housing / urbanism book that launched the Supports / Open Building movement John F.C. Turner ยท out of. Entrevista a John Habraken Almost fifty years after the publication of your book Supports, and with the mass housing dominating us, your theories are still.

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N. John Habraken – Wikipedia

Habraken studied architecture at Delft Technical University, the Netherlands from Each OB project has its own history. Jlhn it is a safe bet that, while new ways of cooperation are the essence of Open Building, there is not one single good model. The initial English edition was almost scuttled because I refused to have illustrations included while the publisher argued an architectural book without pictures would not sell.

His theoretical habrajen has earned him international fame.

N. John Habraken

The issue of increasing sup;orts was responded to by architect Esko Kahri in Finland when he submitted a proposal for a housing competition called by the city of Helsinki to encourage Open Building solutions.

In the sixties it was denounced as oppressive because it subscribed to industrialization and its inevitable manipulation by big capital. His book, entitled ‘Supports, an Alternative to Mass Housing’, was first published inEnglish editionin uabraken he proposes the separation of ‘support’ from ‘infill’ in residential construction and design: He designed a fabric of courtyards some of which were accessed from a street and gave access to the units in the four floor structure while others served as garden space for the units around it.

Where the commercial developer needs to make a short term profit, long term ownership of a support building has its own economic advantages. How could two alternative designs be compared if no floor plans could be compared?


Spatial Agency: John Habraken

Edited reprint of the English edition. I do not know if I was more impressed with his generosity talking to everyone who came to him or with his wisdom expressing ideas and criticisms on contemporary architecture. The WOBO is a stackable beer bottle that can be used to build a bottle wall. Whilst in the provider model housing is seen as a physical and technical problem that can be solved through havraken production and regulation, in order to ensure quality and standards, the support model acknowledges the dispersed nature of resources in society, focusing instead on social infrastructure.

There are also echoes of this in the work of DEGW on office design, where they adapt the idea of support and infill to su;ports the life-cycles of office buildings. He is best-known for his concept of separating the physical infrastructure of buildings into support and infill, developed in the book Supports: The theme “Resident or user participation” has been linked to Structuralism and Open building. Habraken’s approach is complemented by those of John Turner and Colin Wardboth of whom focus on the social and economic aspects of housing provision with a similar model.

The structure is U shaped around a garden courtyard and habrakem a public path going up five floors to end at another public roof garden. His book “The Structure of sipports Ordinary” is an investigation of laws governing the built environment as revealed by patterns of transformation. Habraken explains the potential of the Open Building approach in architectural practice Denise Morado Nascimento.

Their joint submission to the competition did not only offer a support design but also a detailed procedure in dealing first with individual would-be occupants to help them plan their units providing instant costs information, to then pass on the detailed specification and technical details to the builder.

Wiewel and Sue Gibbons from the original Dutch publication: The core of the problem was one of evaluation. This is considered an issue of management and resource allocation, as exempilfied in the work of organisations such as Habitat for Humanity or the Community Design movement of the US.


There are two sources one can turn to for executed OB projects. John Worthington, ‘Habraken Supports: Only after construction of the primary structure was under way, a second competition was called for the interior design and an entirely different design office became responsible for this detailed response to present functional supportz.

Van Nostrand Reinhold, Habraken explains the potential of the Open Building approach in architectural practice Denise Morado Nascimento. This, in turn allows for a larger hbraken investment and hence a better quality building. According to Habraken the implementation of his theory into practice is left to the decision of “the architects”. Read all about it in the flyer. Indeterminacy in Spatial Design, Planning and Management.

What I considered a statement of humility – after all there was not much we could do to influence events, but we should seek to understand them – was promptly denounced as one of arrogance.

The residential area Bomenbuurt was planned by Berlage in When the first edition was about to come out, the publisher, Paul Nijhoff-Asser, told me “this book will be read by few, but everybody will have an opinion about it”. Habrakfn away the fixed floor plan of the dwelling unit was taking away the focus of the proces of design realization.

In practice, how these professionals, different agents involved in the processes of design and ahbraken, have worked together?